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What are the causes of insomnia?


Insomnia is the occurrence of sleep disturbance which is represented by the difficulty of the person having difficulty sleeping, which may be represented in the difficulty of continuing with it, or the early awakening and the inability to return to sleep, sometimes accompanied by feeling tired after waking up, or the insomnia may be faced with difficulty in immortality to Sleep, it is worth noting the difference in the number of hours of sleep of individuals, but in general most adults need seven to eight hours of sleep each night, and insomnia can affect people of any age, and in adults, and insomnia is more common in females compared to males It is known that Insomnia may negatively affect some aspects of life, such as performance disruption during work or school, and may also play a role in the incidence of some other health problem, and it should be noted that insomnia may be acute or chronic, so that acute insomnia lasts for a period of several days or a few Weeks usually results from exposure to stress or traumatic events, while chronic insomnia lasts for a month or more, and in general, insomnia may be a major problem in itself, or it may be associated with health conditions or certain medications.

Causes of insomnia:
There are many different causes that may lead to suffering from insomnia, some of which we explain in the following are life practices where there are many wrong life practices that may lead to suffering from insomnia, including stress and psychological stress: Exposure to one of the traumatic events in life may result; Such as the death of a close relative, loss of job, or illness, due to suffering from insomnia, in addition to psychological stress resulting from study, work, and physical conditions, which leads to excessive thinking when lying down to sleep, and difficulty sleeping.

Travel or nature of work:
As the biological clock, or what is known as the daily system, regulates the sleep cycle and many vital processes in the body, therefore its disorder may lead to suffering from insomnia, and this disorder may be related to travel, work late at night, or follow the system of lips at work.
Sleeping style with old age:
As the sleep cycle naturally varies with age, so that the person begins to feel sleepy early in the night and begins to wake up early in the morning, in addition to that the old age reduces the percentage of deep sleep, which makes it easier to wake up if sounds are heard or some occurrence Changes in the surrounding environment, and as it is known, progress in life may be accompanied by suffering from diseases and the consequent use of medications, as this has an effect on the ability to sleep, and it is worth noting that age is linked to decreased activity and taking several naps during the day, which leads to Difficulty of Om at night.

Drinking alcohol:
Although the sedative alcohol in the short term, it causes many disorders that lead to suffering from insomnia in the long run, as it causes a disturbance in the normal sleep cycle including waking up before getting enough sleep, and alcohol may cause an increase in the number of urination times. During the night because it has diuretic properties.

Caffeine:
Because of the stimulating effect of caffeine, eating one of the drinks that contain caffeine before bedtime may lead to insomnia and difficulty falling asleep. It is indicated that eating these drinks six hours before bedtime or a longer period of time protects the effect of caffeine on sleep in many people.

Smoking and nicotine: 
It is a substance found in cigarettes, a stimulant effect similar to the effect of caffeine, and one of its side effects is insomnia, and due to the decrease in the effect of nicotine in the morning before waking up, this may lead to withdrawal symptoms and sleep disturbances during this period, in addition to the rate of deep sleep in people who smoke It is less compared to non-smokers.

Menopause:
Where many women suffer from insomnia during the menopause phase, also known as menopause - due to several changes accompanying this stage, including hot flashes, where hot flashes and night sweats are common symptoms that women may experience during the menopause, so they lead To suffer from insomnia, in addition to these symptoms are caused by an increase in the proportion of the hormone adrenaline in response to a decrease in the percentage of certain hormones in a woman, so adrenaline leads to stimulation and an increase in the body's energy, which leads to difficulty sleeping and suffering from insomnia.

Hormonal changes:
The menopause stage accompanies the occurrence of many hormonal changes in women, including a decrease in the percentage of estrogen and progesterone, which leads to a number of changes in lifestyle and sleep, so that these changes are adapted, and it should be noted that the progesterone is passed through one of the hormones Inducing sleep, therefore its decline leads to suffering from insomnia as well, and women may need to use some medications and supplements during the menopause, which in turn may be accompanied by side effects, including insomnia.

Psychiatric disorders:
As it is shown from psychological disorders that may lead to suffering from insomnia, and the occurrence of bipolar disorder in which people with bipolar disorder suffer from insomnia and the inability to sleep during depressive and manic episodes, it is worth noting that some sleep disorders are associated with timing or schedules Action may stimulate and develop episodes of mania related to bipolar disorder.

Psychological anxiety:
In the event of an anxiety disorder, a person may experience severe anxiety for a period of more than 6 months, which affects his daily life. In fact, insomnia increases the severity of psychological anxiety, and psychological anxiety leads to suffering from insomnia and nightmares, in addition to feeling depressed: With most cases of depression, and scientists believe that insomnia is not only a symptom of depression, as insomnia and depression are two different disorders but they are interrelated, and this requires care to treat depression and insomnia in parallel.

Neurological disorders:
It is considered one of the nervous disorders that may lead to suffering from insomnia, epilepsy, so that the medications used to treat epilepsy contribute to suffering from insomnia because of its calming effect that may lead to drowsiness and sleep during the day, which in turn leads to suffering from insomnia at night, as many Of nerve attacks, and those associated with epilepsy, occur during the second stage of sleep or when drowsiness, which leads to difficulty falling asleep after a seizure, due to the loss of control of the bladder, panic, and hyperventilation, it should be noted that some triggers of epileptic attacks contribute to suffering from Insomnia too On the other hand, insomnia may be one of the triggers for epileptic seizures due to its association with not getting enough hours of sleep. Parkinson's disease: many people suffer.
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