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Causes of vomiting in children and methods of treatment

Vomiting is common in children and infants, and it usually occurs repeatedly without indicating a serious problem, and sometimes vomiting continues for a short period, for a day or two, as it results from an acute and simple medical condition, such as viral enteritis, for example, and vomiting occurs as a reaction It is normal for the body, when the nerves sense a stimulus, such as infection, food poisoning or movement, and the brain centers responsible for vomiting occur with this stimulator. Thus, vomiting is useful for the human body, as it excludes it from harmful substances and toxins, and despite this it does not It is advised to use medications or not Parchment-inducing vomiting, often accompanied by a feeling of nausea, which children describe as feeling pain or discomfort in the abdomen, and in most cases children who suffer from nausea and vomiting improve without taking any remedial action, but in some cases, parents should see a doctor to make sure Not to suffer from more serious health problems. As for what the parents should watch for these children, they are not dehydrated, which results after the child loses body fluids vomiting, especially if it continues for a long time or if it is accompanied by diarrhea, then the parents must provide their child with quantities Necessary fluid .

Causes of vomiting in children:
Vomiting occurs as a symptom associated with many diseases, and may result from some medications or unsatisfactory conditions, and these diseases are often severe and do not constitute a threat to the life of the child, and they disappear after a short period, and the most important causes of vomiting in children are:

Suffering from food allergy:
 Among the most common foods that children may be allergic to are eggs, milk products, peanuts and fish. Therefore, after knowing the type of food that causes allergies, the child should avoid eating it, and other symptoms often appear in this case, such as itching and the appearance of a rash or swelling of the tongue and throat, which It causes difficulty breathing, as the patient may suffer from severe coughing and low blood pressure, in addition to feeling dizzy and unbalanced, and the patient's skin may glow.

Suffer from bowel obstruction:
This occurs as a result of the child swallowing a foreign body, or suffering from hypertrophic portal stenosis, in which the muscles that make up the last part of the stomach connected to the duodenum, hernia, appendicitis or gastroesophageal reflux, in which gastric acids return to the esophagus, in addition to sprains Intestinal tract, in which the intestine wraps around itself, causing blockage, as well as intestinal intussusception, in which part of the intestine enters into another part.

Incidence of food poisoning:
This is what happens due to eating contaminated or expired food, and this causes vomiting in older children and adults because of the variety of foods they eat compared to the younger ones, and as a result the child suffers from vomiting and diarrhea for a day or two.

Infection of the digestive system:
It is considered the most common cause of vomiting in children. It often results from a viral infection, but bacteria and parasites may cause it as well, and it only lasts for a few days, and disappears without any complications, and may cause diarrhea as well, and suffer from disorders of the central nervous system, less suffering from viral meningitis, and concussion Brain or increased intracranial pressure or migraine.

Treatment of vomiting in children:
Most cases of vomiting in children do not need any remedial measures, but in some cases the doctor should be reviewed immediately when vomiting for a long time, or vomiting many times, or that the vomiting is green or contains blood, or the child’s body temperature rises to more than 39 ° C, or the child complains of severe abdominal pain, or moderate or severe dehydration.

The cause of vomiting is usually a viral infection that causes gastroenteritis, and no unusual treatment is required. It is important that you rest and drink a lot to avoid dehydration, however it should be emphasized that it is due to gastroenteritis and that drinking a large amount of water once may cause vomiting per se. Therefore, it is recommended to drink a small amount of water (about a third of a cup) several times. .

And dehydration is more than one that requires attention when suffering from vomiting, and therefore parents must monitor the form and behavior of the child to detect signs of dehydration, as in simple cases of it the child suffers from dry throat and a feeling of thirst, and in medium and severe cases it may appear on the child Other signs such as lack of urine, or lack of tears when crying, cold hands and feet, and the child's eyes may become sunken, in addition to general fatigue and exhaustion.

In the event that the child suffers from vomiting without getting dehydrated, he can continue the natural diet as long as his body can tolerate it, but in the event of dehydration and to compensate for the fluids that the child has lost vomiting, doctors usually recommend giving him a ready-made oral solution that is sold in female pharmacists under many trade names, as this solution contains The nutritional and mineral elements needed by the child's body. It is also advised to drink fluids in small doses and wait for a short period between doses.
  
A nursing mother can continue to breastfeed her child even if he suffers from vomiting, and there is no need here to give him oral solutions, as the mother's milk fulfills the purpose, and doctors are usually advised to avoid eating juices that contain a high level of sugar, such as apple juice and cherries, as well as foods rich in fat, as It is difficult for a child’s body to digest, but it is better to feed them with foods rich in carbohydrates, to supply the child’s body with the necessary energy, such as potatoes and bread, as well as meat, fruits and vegetables.
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